308 ballistic chart

Unlike most other caliber or cartridge comparisons you will come across, our goal at Sniper Country is not to crown one cartridge as better than the other. To do so would be nonsense in our eyes and going about it in such a manner would quickly skew the narrative. We do not benefit in any way from whatever cartridge you use. We just want to provide a better source of information compared to what is out there now. When looking at the.308 Win vs.30-06 Springfield, it will become obvious that each has particular areas where they excel. Rather than pick one over the other, we simply want to point out why having both is beneficial and in what situations you might choose one over the other. Crafted specifically for carbines. Built to win Pistol Caliber Carbine competitions. Let's take a look at our ten selected rounds and see how they stack up against each other when looking at the ballistic coefficients (Graph 4). .30-06 Federal American Eagle Jacketed Hollow Point 150gr. With this in mind, velocity is an important ballistic property for hunters and competitive shooters alike. We have compiled load data for each of the ten rounds we have selected for this comparison (Graph 3). The 125 grain Core-Lokt Managed Recoil load at around 2600fps in 22" is suitable for lighter medium game out to moderate ranges (250 yards). As can be expected, well placed shots through the autonomous plexus produce fast kills while rear lung shots produce slower killing. With proper guidance, youths/beginners can learn the fundamentals of game killing when hunting with the MR load, observing such factors as described above. Both the.308 Win and the.30-06 Springfield are two cartridges steeped in American tradition. Both have serviced the men and women of our military and police force and have found worldwide success and longevity in the hunting fields. Military surplus ammunition can be obtained throughout most countries of the world. Typical bullet weights include 144 and 147grains full metal jacket with the lead core exposed at the base/heel of the bullet. Velocities in 22" barreled sporting rifles tends to be around 2720fps and 2650fps in 20" barrels. Quality varies from country to country and as an example, Australian Defense Industries (ADI) take great pride in the quality of their ammunition which tends to be very accurate. In contrast, bulk surplus ammunition from one source in South Africa tends to be the worst on the market, producing velocities of between 2600 and 2750fps from shot to shot. In this article, we will take a look at these two cartridges and compare and discuss the similarities and differences between factory loads of these two widely accessible rifle cartridges. We will take a look at performance and terminal ballistic characteristics of both as well as their price, availability, and uses. The Federal Ballistics Calculator lets you quickly determine the trajectory for any rifle or handgun load, and save data for an unlimited number of loads. Some shooters pay a lot of attention to ballistic coefficient while others probably are unaware of what it is or what it means. It can get pretty complicated when you dive into the physics of it, but we don't see the need to dive to deep. The 168 grain BST, also stouter than the PowerPoint, is best suited to game weighing between 80kg (180lb) and 120kg (265lb) if wide wounding is to be expected at ranges beyond 100 yards. On lighter game, this somewhat stout projectile tends to cleave to its momentum and can give slow kills, even with well placed shots. Although the 168 grain BST is a stout bullet, it is still frangible and therefore best suited to open country hunting. When used on game weighing between 80-120kg as suggested, the 168 grain BST fills a niche, performing exceptionally well. While the NATO version of this round was short lived, it has and will continue to have a loyal and dedicated market for the avid hunter. This is a larger bullet with excellent range, penetration, and stopping power. Itâs a great medium to large game caliber and can be used for just about any large game animal in the world under the right conditions. Overall, when looking at rounds of similar weight, we see more recoil energy produced by the.30-06 cartridge with a higher powder charge. With handloads, you might be able to squeeze in some more powder with the.308 or less with the.30-06, and you would have even closer results when comparing recoil of the two cartridges. Of course, doing this will change the ballistic properties of the rounds which we will get into shortly. Both the 6.5 Creedmoor and 308 Winchester cartridges are capable of outstanding accuracy. With high quality loadings such as Eagle Eye Precision Match Ammunition and when fired from quality well maintained rifles, both calibers are easily capable of sub 1/2 minute accuracy. The limiting factor in accuracy with both cartridges will be atmospherics (ie. wind) and shooter skill. The picture below shows 5-shot groups from Eagle Eye 6.5 Creedmoor and 308 Winchester loadings. The following is a 1000 yard.308 ballistic chart that was created using our free online ballistic calculator and details all aspects of the bullets trajectory from the millisecond it leaves the barrel until the time it reaches the 1,000 yd mark. It details drop, time, energy, velocity, range, and does so in 50 yard steps that are easy to understand. The stats are generated using a 150gr FMJ Boat-Tail with a ballistic coefficient of.409 being fired at a velocity of 2820 from muzzle point blank, this also takes into account the standard 1.5" scope height, and a gun that has been sighted in at 100 yards. If your.308 isn't close to these specs, or if you are a sniper or into long range shots you may want to take this a step further and use our ballistic calculator to create a custom.308 ballistic chart to take into account variances. You can then also add atmospheric conditions and angles. Height over bore. The measurement between center of the barrel to center of the scope. This Table is for the Federal Match.308 168 grain Boattail Hollowpoint. The M14 saw its first tentative tests in warfare in Vietnam during 1961. Capable of fully automatic fire, the M14 carried a 20 round magazine as opposed to the Garand's 8 round clip which could not be reloaded easily until the clip had ejected after the last shot. The new rifle was effective and its cartridge very powerful. While the M14 was earning its keep in the field, the US Army began to conduct tests on Eugene Stoner's AR15 rifle in 5.56. Eventually, US Defence Secretary Robert McNamara opened a full inquiry as to the effectiveness of the AR-15, demanding that it be tested in actual combat against the M14. After these tests were concluded, on the 23 rd January 1963, McNamara announced that when that years M14 contracts were fulfilled, no more were to be built. The US was to adopt the AR15 (M16) rifle. Where to Buy Ammo Online [Complete 2021 Guide]. Another interesting metric we can use to compare two cartridges, or really any two rounds, is how long the bullets will remain in supersonic flight. You probably arenât going to see a lot of factory loads of these cartridges in competitions and you arenât going to need this information when it comes to hunting. Still, itâs fun to look at and there might very well be some of you out there wanting to test the limits of factory loads for these cartridges. The.308 Winchester was introduced to the shooting world by Winchester in 1952 where it quickly became a staple in the American hunting world. Not long afterward, its performance specs were impressive enough to be adopted by the military, and it saw heavy use in Vietnam before being replaced by lighter loads. 3 5-Shot Groups with Eagle Eye Precision Match 6.5 Creedmoor 130gr Hybrid Ammunition. Although the 7.62 NATO cartridge was adopted by commonwealth forces in 1954, New Zealand could not not yet afford this change. Instead, New Zealand forces continued to utilize the SMLE No.4 and No.5 Jungle Carbine which would once again see use during the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). The 7.62 NATO cartridge was finally employed during 1959, at which time New Zealand soldiers committed to combat were issued the Belgian FN FAL rifle. The New Zealand Army officially adopted the Lithgow L1A1 SLR rifle during the years 1960 to 1965 as sufficient numbers of the Australian rifle became available. This rifle was used during the Malaysian Indonesia Conflict (1963-1966) when New Zealand soldiers entered the conflict in 1964. Following this, the NZ forces used the SLR rifle throughout the Vietnam war with New Zealand involvement beginning in 1965. The Australian Army shared a similar rifle service history, the two countries fighting alongside and supporting each other during these South East Asian communist conflicts. Australia and New Zealand were bound to both Common Wealth and ANZUS (Australia, NZ, U.S) allied agreements. All of these rounds display supersonic velocities even out to 500yards with most of them likely to maintain supersonic velocities around the 1,000 yard mark and is something we will take a closer look at. The rounds from both cartridges also seem to bleed off velocity around the same rate as they move downrange. Shop Eagle Eye 308 Win 175gr Hybrid Ammunition Here. Letâs take a look at the averages of our larger data set and see what the two cartridges look like. While the.308 has found its place in the hunting world, itâs performance has also proven reliable enough to find a spot in police and military sharpshooting units and with competitive long range shooters. While it might not be as prevalent in these circles as it once was, the fact that it is still used is a testament to its effectiveness and we donât see any concern for its longevity. Both the 6.5 Creedmoor and 308 Win are relatively easy rifles to clean. Neither caliber is prone to developing particularly odd problems in the absence of cleaning such as excessive hard carbon accumulation and carbon rings sometimes present in other calibers. In general, we find both calibers are very forgiving and can go for extended periods with minimal or light cleaning without adverse effects on accuracy.That said, we do always recommend regular cleaning and maintenance of firearms. While there are several excellent cleaning products on the market, we generally use. Loaded with conventional soft point bullets, many bullet brands lose the ability to produce hydrostatic shock at impact velocities below 2600fps and in such cases, dead running game can be a common occurrence when using the.308 at ranges beyond 50 yards. In fact with some bullet brands, its as if a magic button has been switched off right at the 2600fps mark. Several bullet brands do however have the ability to produce hydrostatic shock (instant collapse) of game down to velocities as low as 2400fps, depending on target resistance and relevant factors. Regardless, hunters can manipulate speed of killing by matching bullet construction to the job at hand and in this caliber, there are some excellent options, capable of extremely fast killing via wide wounding. The 2600fps parameter and the gradual reduction in shock with conventional SP bullets below this velocity is common throughout the small bores, up to the.338 caliber. We are looking at the velocity from the muzzle out to 500 yards and is measured in ft/s or commonly seen presented as fps. Whatever anyone says, the.308 Winchester is a formidable cartridge and with plenty of life left in it yet. The 6.5 Creedmoor is a viable round for long range target shooters, but the question still remains if it could be used as a hunting round. For big game you probably want a bullet like the A-MAX to have a muzzle velocity of at least 1500 FPS down range and over 900 ft-lbs of energy. Developed form the military, Winchester brought the.308 round onto the market in 1952. Since the early days, the round has found favor with police forces and competitive shooters. As well as recreational shooters interested in range shooting. While the 1.8 in drop of the 9mm bullet at 50 yards may not sound bad, it all goes downhill from there. In fact at the 100 yard mark the bullet will have dropped -12.0311 in (over a foot). So if you are shooting at a target 100 yards away you need to aim a full foot above the target, and without a scope that is very hard to judge at that distance. Gun nuts, hunters, competitive shooters, and people who are a mixture of all three are constantly looking at the wide selection of cartridges available and trying to determine which is more useful. All cartridges are going to have a specific niche in the shooting world where they excel compared to others, but itâs always a fun and informative exercise to put two cartridges up against one another. In this case, itâs the.243 vs the.308. With the Hornady 120 A-MAX, there is little lost as the barrel length decreases from 27 inches to 24 inches inside of 800 yards. At 1,000 yards, 0.3 mils of elevation and 0.1 mils of drift are sacrificed. Note the 6.5 Creedmoor 120 grain A-MAX with a 16 inch barrel shoots inside of the 308 Winchester 175 grain SMK with a 22 inch barrel at 1,000 yards! Very Impressive! There are several reasons to look at the bullet velocity from the muzzle as it moves downrange. The velocity of the bullet is going to play a major role in the trajectory, which in turn, is going to determine the number of adjustments needed to make when taking shots at extended ranges. Velocity is also important in the terminal ballistics of a round as it influences the bulletâs energy as well as how the bullet will expand on impact. Finally, before you jump into the comparisons, we want to make clear where this data is coming from. Where the.308 has gained a strong and loyal following is in the hunting community. This is a larger bullet with excellent range and stopping power. Itâs a great medium to large game rifle and can be used for just about any large game animal in the world, barring a few. In the ballistics section, we will focus on the differences in velocity, ballistic coefficients, and trajectory. With this information, we can begin teasing apart where these cartridges would be better suited. The.308 Winchester is a cartridge modeled off the military 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge but for civilian use. It's not exactly the same but the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI) considers that you can interchangeably use the rounds. There are several factors that influence the recoil energy. When the data was calculated we used the muzzle velocity for each round, the bullet weight, the gun weight, and the powder charge. We kept the gun weight constant at 7lbs and used the average for several popular powder brands provided by Nosler load data for each cartridge. So while the numbers we present might fluctuate depending on the actual powder charge used by the manufacturer (not provided) or what your rifle weighs, the general trends are safe to draw conclusions from. Effective range is always a tricky question to answer as it's dependent on so many factors. Itâs also important to note that these are all factory rounds and they are not going to have the performance of hot hand loaded rounds that you might come across on other sites or forums. We chose to stick only to factory loads because the majority of people do not handload and that information would not be useful to a lot of people. So at 500 yards, a.308 Winchester is still pretty accurate for most shooters. Between 500 to 650 yards is dropping at around 10 to 12 inches every 25 yards, and as it extends to 1000 yards you will need to aim 30 feet above the target. So it would be fair to say that around 900 yards as an average is the effective range of the.308 Winchester, where the rounds can reliably be placed on the target. What Does A.308 Ballistics Chart To 1000 Yards Look Like? I want this to be the best ballistic trajectory calculator out there. Please let me know how it can be improved upon. You can find an email form and contact information here. Thank you. That is a pretty typical chart for a pretty typical.308 round. I just got a core 30 ar10. I appreciate the good info. Headed to the range today for the initial engagement. Can not wait. Where to Buy Ammo Online [Complete 2021 Guide]. The 6.5 Creedmoor has the best Ballistic Coefficient, and perfect for long range shooters. Of course, the energy generated is going to vary from round to round even within the same cartridge type. Keep in mind this is an approximation and although it is quite accurate it should never replace first-hand experience of shooting your specific firearm and ammunition to determine the bullet drop and windage at different ranges and conditions. To make it as accurate as possible, it is important that you input the most accurate information that represents shooting conditions, your firearm, and cartridge. The two most important variables are the Initial Velocity and the Ballistic Coefficient. If you do not have a Shooting Chronograph, I strongly suggest you purchase one. It is a great investment if you want to get into long range shooting and will be especially useful if you handload. Trajectory Chart 17 HMR, 17 HM2, 22 LR, 22 WMR. Having come from a military background it's no surprise to find it packs quite a punch. It has a typical muzzle velocity just under 3000 fps and at 1000 yards will still be traveling around 1200 fps, which is more than enough to do damage. The 6.5's BCs are ballistic chart-toppers. The high ballistic coefficients mean the 6.5 CM bullets move well through the air, which helps them maintain velocity and reduces drop/wind drift. Less drop and drift translates to a little more margin of error if you misjudge the distance, shot angle or wind speed/direction. Impact velocity certainly doesn't hurt as the 6.5 Creedmoor packs a ton of it! Since we are looking at two cartridges that definitely have the potential for long range shooting, we want to look at what the average cut off is for these cartridges where they drop below supersonic speeds. For hunting purposes, this shouldnât have as much an impact on your decision making since responsible hunters are not taking shots at this distance with these cartridges. This section is as clear of a decision as any other category we will discuss on the.243 vs.308. When most of us think of recoil, we think of the actual kick that is felt when the gun is fired. A lot of factors go into the actual "felt recoil" that we canât put numbers on for comparison. Instead, we are going to look at the actual energy(ft.lbs) that is created when the power is ignited. All data based of a the assumption that the pistol has been zerod in at 25 yds, no scope is present, and the bullet being fired is a with a 124 gr, 9mm round, (in this example we used federal) with a bc (ballistic coeeficient of 0.149). This bullet moves 1120fps from the muzzle. If all of this is confusing, just disregard all that mumbo jumbo above. This is a 9mm Luger ballistics chart (external) generated using our ballistic trajectory calculator. It tracks the movement of the bullet in zero wind conditions, and out to 100 yards. If you want to go further or apply wind resistnece then use custom seetings with our ballistic calculator. The 6.5 Creedmoor would also experience roughly 13 inches less wind drift at 1,000 yards in a 10 MPH crosswind. So not only does the 6.5 CM shoot better than the.308, it also has less kick, making it much more enjoyable to shoot..


 
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